La consanguinité chez les rois d’Angleterre


Les rois d’Angleterre ont des racines angevines par les Plantagenêt, la consanguinité a augmenté mais une politique de mariage a permis de ne pas la voir prendre des proportions à la façon des Habsbourg.

Name Portrait Birth Death Consanguinity
William I
William the Bastard
William the Conqueror
25 December
1066-1087
c.1028
Falaise Castle
son of Robert I, Duke of Normandy, and Herleva
9 September 1087
Rouen
aged about 59.Buried at Saint Etienne Abbey (Abbaye aux Hommes) of Caen
Non significatif
William II
William Rufus
26 September
1087-1100
c.1060
Normandy
son of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders
2 August 1100
New Forest
aged about 40
0,50%
Henry I
Henry Beauclerc
5 August
1100-1135
September 1068
Selby
son of William the Conqueror and Matilda of Flanders
1 December 1135
Castle of Lyons-la-Forêt (Saint-Denis-en-Lyons)
aged 67. Buried at Reading Abbey
0,5%
Stephen
Stephen of Blois
22 December
1135-1154
c.1096
Blois
son of Stephen, Count of Blois, and Adela of Normandy
25 October 1154
Dover Castle
aged about 58
0,48%

House of Plantagenet

Name Portrait Birth Death Consanguinity
Henry II
Henry Curtmantle
(Henri Court-mantel)
19 December
1154-1189
5 March 1133
Le Mans
son of Geoffrey of Anjou and Matilda
6 July 1189
Chinon
aged 56. Buried at Fontevraud Abbey
0,11%
Henry the Young King
(Henri le Jeune Roy)
(co-ruler with his father)
14 June
1170-1183
28 February 1155son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine 11 June 1183
Martel, Limoges
aged 28. Buried at Rouen Cathedral (Notre-Dame)
0,51%
Richard I
the Lionheart
(Richard Cœur de Lion)
3 September
1189-1199
8 September 1157
Beaumont Palace
son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine
6 April 1199
Chalus
aged 41. Buried: Heart at Rouen Cathedral. Body at Fontevraud Abbey
0,51%
John
Lackland
(Jean Sans Terre)
27 May
1199-1216
24 December 1166
Beaumont Palace
son of Henry II and Eleanor of Aquitaine
19 October 1216
Newark-on-Trent
aged 49. Buried at Worcester Cathedral
0,51%
Henry III
Henry of Winchester
28 October
1216-1272
1 October 1207
Winchester Castle
son of John and Isabella of Angoulême
16 November 1272
Westminster Palace
aged 65
0,13%
Edward I
Longshanks
20 November
1272-1307
17 June 1239
Westminster Palace
son of Henry III and Eleanor of Provence
7 July 1307
Burgh by Sands
aged 68
0,33%
Edward II
7 July 1307 –
25 January 1327
25 April 1284
Caernarfon Castle
son of Edward I and Eleanor of Castile
21 September 1327
Berkeley Castle
aged 43 (murdered)
1,54%
Edward III
25 January
1327-1377
13 November 1312
Windsor Castle
son of Edward II and Isabella of France
21 June 1377
Sheen Palace
aged 64
2,46%
Richard II
21 June 1377 –
29 September 1399
6 January 1367
Bordeaux
son of Edward, the Black Prince and Joan of Kent
14 February 1400
Pontefract Castle
aged 33
3,63%

House of Lancaster

Name Portrait Birth Death Consanguinity
Henry IV
Bolingbroke
30 September
1399-1413
3 April 1366/7
Bolingbroke Castle
son of John of Gaunt and Blanche of Lancaster
20 March 1413
Westminster Abbey
aged 45 or 46
1,60%
Henry V
20 March
1413-1422
16 September 1386 or
9 August 1387[61]
Monmouth Castle
son of Henry IV and Mary de Bohun
31 August 1422
Château de Vincennes
aged 35
2,68%
Henry VI
31 August 1422 – 4 March 1461
6 December 1421
Windsor Castle
son of Henry V and Catherine of Valois
21 May 1471
Tower of London
aged 49 (murdered)
1,16%

House of York

Name Portrait Birth Death Cons
Edward IV
11 April 1471 – 9 April 1483
28 April 1442
Rouen
son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville
9 April 1483
Westminster Palace
aged 40
2,48%
Edward V
9 April – 25 June 1483
2 November 1470
Westminster
son of Edward IV and Elizabeth Woodville
c. 1483
London
aged about 12
0,10%
Richard III
26 June
1483-1485
2 October 1452
Fotheringhay Castle
son of Richard Plantagenet, 3rd Duke of York, and Cecily Neville
22 August 1485
Bosworth Field
aged 32 (killed in battle)
2,48%

House of Tudor

Name Portrait Birth Death Cons
Henry VII
22 August
1485-1509
28 January 1457
Pembroke Castle
son of Edmund Tudor and Lady Margaret Beaufort
21 April 1509
Richmond Palace
aged 52
0,27%
Henry VIII
21 April
1509-1547
28 June 1491
Greenwich Palace
son of Henry VII and Elizabeth of York
28 January 1547
Whitehall Palace
aged 55
0,97%
Edward VI
28 January
1547-1553
12 October 1537
Hampton Court Palace
son of Henry VIII and Jane Seymour
6 July 1553
Greenwich Palace
aged 15
0,07%
Mary I
Bloody Mary
19 July
1553-1558
18 February 1516
Greenwich Palace
daughter of Henry VIII and Catherine of Aragon
17 November 1558
St. James’s Palace
aged 42
0,83%
Elizabeth I
The Virgin Queen
17 November
1558-1603
7 September 1533
Greenwich Palace
daughter of Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn
24 March 1603
Richmond Palace
aged 69
0,11%

House of Stuart

Name Portrait Birth Death Consanguinity
James I
The Peacemaker King
24 March
1603-1625
19 June 1566
Edinburgh Castle
son of Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley, and Mary I, Queen of Scots
27 March 1625
Theobalds House
aged 58
3,82%
Charles I
27 March
1625-1649
19 November 1600
Dunfermline Palace
son of James I and Anne of Denmark
30 January 1649
Whitehall Palace
aged 48 (beheaded)
0,82%
Charles II
The Merrie Monarch
1649-1685[89]
Recognized by Parliament in 1660
29 May 1630
St. James’s Palace
son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France
6 February 1685
Whitehall Palace
aged 54
0,75%
James II
6 February 1685 –
23 December 1688 (deposed)
14 October 1633
St. James’s Palace
son of Charles I and Henrietta Maria of France
16 September 1701
Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye
aged 67
0,75%
Mary II
13 February
1689-1694
30 April 1662
St. James’s Palace
daughter of James II and Anne Hyde
28 December 1694
Kensington Palace
aged 32
Non significatif
Anne
8 March
1702-1707
Queen of Great Britain
1 May 1707-1714
6 February 1665
St. James’s Palace
daughter of James II and Anne Hyde
1 August 1714
Kensington Palace
aged 49
Non significatif

Une réflexion au sujet de « La consanguinité chez les rois d’Angleterre »

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